What Happens When You Default on a Business Loan? Plus, How to Avoid It


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What Happens If You Default on An Unsecured Business Loan in India

Every entrepreneur, at some point, considers or already has taken a business loan. Everyone has the best intentions of paying back the loan. However, due to situations like a sudden decline in sales, miscalculations, or other unforeseeable circumstances, your finances take a hit, and you do not make your monthly instalments on time. This could cause you to default on your business loan.

Definition of loan default:

In simple words, a loan default happens when a borrower breaches a decided term of the loan agreement. Generally, this occurs when a borrower does not make the agreed-upon instalment payments. This results in the lender resorting to legal action against the borrower.

Results of defaulting on a business loan?

The repercussions vary as per the terms and conditions of the business agreement. They may also affect your credit score. Below is a list of consequences of defaulting on your business loan.

1. Drop in credit score

Every time you miss an instalment, the lender reports you to credit agencies. This leads to a drop in your credit scores, which jeopardizes your chance of being approved for any loan in the future.

2. Increased rate of interest

Once your credit score drops, depending on your business loan agreement, your interest rates will increase, or you will be charged an exorbitant late fee. This will affect your current loan repayment and possible future loan approvals.

3. Legal Action or foreclosure

In case of a business loan default, depending on whether you have applied for a secured or unsecured loan, the consequences vary. In a secured loan, a foreclosure will allow the lender complete authority over all your assets and properties mentioned as collateral in your loan agreement. Generally, they sell the collateral in a private or public auction to recover their losses.

In the case of an unsecured loan, the lender generally charges you a late fee. However, even in the case of an unsecured loan, the lender requires a personal guarantee or a lien on your business assets. Therefore, on further failure, the lender can file a lawsuit against your business.

4. Difficulty in getting approved for loans in the future

Once you default on a loan coupled with a bad credit score, it is extremely difficult to procure any loan in the future. You will have to look for alternative ways to fund your business.

5. Declaring bankruptcy

If you default on your loan, the lender will start legal proceedings in order to recover the loan amount. In the case of secured loans, the collateral will be seized. For unsecured loans, as discussed earlier, lenders will sue you for defaulting on the loan. As per the court’s ordered method, the loan will be recovered. However, if the lender is still not able to recover the loan amount, then your business may have to file for bankruptcy.

As seen above, defaulting on your business loan has adverse long-term and short-term effects. There are numerous available options in case you are finding it difficult to repay your loan. Below are a few pointers that would prevent you from defaulting on your business loan.

6. Maintain sufficient balance

Always maintain a sufficient balance in your bank account to avoid missing loan payments. A business is always subject to volatile market conditions. Therefore, it is advisable to allow yourself some headroom. Maintain a reserve of at least 3 months’ worth of repayment in your account.

7. Be aware of your dates

Always know the due dates of your instalments. It ensures that you have the required amount in your account. Also, it helps you plan your finances better in case of other expenses incurred in your business or other loans. Even if you miss an instalment, it does not immediately make you a defaulter. However, it may result in late fines.

8. Refinance

Short-term loans tend to kill the momentum of upcoming businesses. This is a very common issue. Therefore, there are numerous lenders that will help you refinance your debt. These companies provide you with longer terms and smaller instalments. However, this is only a precautionary measure and not the solution.

9. Communicate with your lender

In case you feel that paying the instalment is going to be difficult in the next couple of months, talk to your lender. It is unwise to sit around and risk defaulting on your loan. Your lender may appreciate your proactiveness in managing your debt and help you by either reducing your monthly payments or extending your term.

10. Reschedule your debt

If the amount of outgo of your company is the issue, you can always reschedule your finances. Your lender will revise your interest rates, and the loan tenure will be increased. This means that the number of monthly instalments will reduce and make things more manageable. However, this will still hurt your credit score, but it is better than defaulting on your loan.

11. Manage expenses and prioritize debt

This could seem like simple advice but is the building block of efficient financial planning. In the initial years of your business, ensure that there are only necessary expenses. Paying out your debt should be your priority. There is no escape from monthly payments; therefore, ensure that all your other expenses are secondary to them. Further, borrow only what you need. A business loan incurs monthly payments and interest. This makes surplus debt a liability to your business.

12. Seek legal assistance

If push comes to shove and you see no way out of defaulting on your loan, seek legal advice to know what rights you have and what provisions you can access in your situation.


When it comes to debt management, always ensure that you are never behind on your payment. After that, if you still think you are going to default on your loan, doing nothing is not an option. You are responsible for the repayment of your debts in a way that secures your business.

LendingKart is your one-stop solution for all types of loans. Our unsecured business loan can be procured on the go.

Apart from prompt procedures, we offer attractive business loan rates

SME Loan Application


Interest rate

1% –2%*

One-time Processing Charge

2% of the loan

Loan Amount

Rs. 50,000–Rs. 1 Crore

Duration of loan

1 month to 1 year

Pre-closure fee


Part Prepayment fee


*depends on your credit history and business

**Pre-closures are done only after the first instalment has been paid in full

Business Loan Default Faqs:

1. What is a personal guarantee?

It is an unsecured written undertaking from the borrower to the lender guaranteeing timely payment of the loan.

2. Can I secure a business loan with a guarantor?

It is difficult to secure a business loan without any assets to place as collateral. However, banks do allow you to borrow 100% of the loan without a deposit if you have a guarantor.

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